KMMK Report in September 2020

This is KMMK’s monthly report, September 2020, on the human rights situation in eastern Kurdistan. This report summarizes key human rights issues on events during September 2020, including executions, detentions, homicide, Police shootings and workplace safety incidents. Data is collected from several sources of KMMK, including direct reports.

This report does not include every issue and event. The absence of an issue is due to resource limitations, restriction to access to the country, the availability of information, and silencing independent voices, civil and human rights groups by the Iranian government.

In September 2020 Iranian government continued its disregard for basic human rights by discrimination, illegal detention of Kurdish citizens, torture and closing off any possibility of organized political activities that are not fully aligned with its propaganda.

Execution:

In September 2020, at least two people were executed in Iranian prisons.

Farhad Rahimi and Khedr Ghavidel, Urmia 01.09.2020

Imprisonment and illegal detention:
In September 2020, at least thirty three Kurdish civilians were detained by Iranian security forces from which five were women and seven were Kolbars. Most of the detainees were arrested without any clear accusation and without court order. It has been reported that some detainees have been beaten and tortured by the security and intelligence forces.
Sadiq Seifi, Javanrud, 29.08.2020
Bayazid Ghaderi, Chupan, Divandarreh 31.08.2020 Acting against national security
Saber Salehi, Naqadeh 31.08.2020
Soleiman Karimpour, Senneh (Sanandaj) 05.09.2020
Khalid Mohammadzadeh Aghdam Mahabad 04.09.2020
Saber Salehi, Mahabad 04.09.2020
Sadiq Heidari Senneh (Sanandaj) 05.09.2020
Peyman Khunkabutar, 43 Maku 07.09.2020
Hiwa Azizpour, 18, Marivan 06.09.2020
Farshad Jahesh, Dewzanav, 12.09.2020
Mohammad Nabardi, 30 Boukan– Salafist
Mahmoud Ghanbarvand, Piranshahr 12.09.2020 Collaborating with Kurdish parties
Nasrollah Heidarnezhad,Piranshahr 12.09.2020 Collaborating with Kurdish parties
Taher Sheikhi, 40, Dewzanav 14.09.2020
Abdulaziz Heidarpour,Boukan 10.09.2020 Collaborating with Ansar u Nusrat
Arsalan Hedayati, Kahrizeh – Urmia 13.09.2020
Amir Piyadeh, Qorveh 21.09.2020
Ako Karimi,Boukan 21.09.2020
Bapir Barzeh, Senneh (Sanandaj) 19.09.2020
Ali Leravi.

Detained Kolbars and merchants

Name- Age -Place of detention -Date -Occupation
Said Ezzat Tahari, 25 Piranshahr, 07.09.2020, Kolbar
Shadman Marivani, Teenager, Marivan, 12.09.2020, Kolbar
Unknown, Teenager, Unknown 12.09.2020 Kolbar
Unknown, Teenager,Unknown,12.09.2020 Kolbar
Unknown,Teenager, Unknown, 12.08.2020 Kolbar
Unknown,Unknown, Doleshin, 14.09.2020 Kolbar
Unknown, Unknown, Doleshin, 14.09.2020 Kolbar

Name- Age -Place of detention- Date Accusation
Sara Barzegar,Kermanshah, 12.09.2020, Collaborating with Kurdish parties
Narges Mohammadi, Mirawle – Paveh, 16.09.2020
Negin Weisi, Mirawle – Paveh 16.09.2020 Unknown
Bahar Ahmadi, Mirawle – Paveh 16.09.2020 Unknown
Elham Moradi, Mirawle – Paveh 16.09.2020 Unknown

Kolbar and merchants:

Kolbar is a worker who is employed to carry goods on his/her back across the borders. Most Kolbars live in eastern Kurdistan and they come from the poorest regions in the area. Kolbars are mostly considered illegal and have no insurance, retirement plans and unions.

In this month several Kolbars and merchants have been shot directly by Iranian border forces and Turkish border forces, and as a result six individuals died. In this month eighteen Kolbars and merchants were also detained by Iranian police.

Died Kolbars and merchants:

Name- Age- Place of residence -Place of incident -Cause of death -Date
Zanest Hassannezhad, 25, Qeleresh Direct shooting by Iranian armed forces, 02.09.2020
Zanko Ahmadi, 22, Khankhl, Direct shooting by Iranian armed forces 02.09.2020
Sorush Makari, Unknown, Sardasht Direct shooting by Iranian armed forces 02.09.2020
Jalal Khezri , Unknown Zewe – Piranshahr Direct shooting by Iranian armed forces 02.09.2020
Shahram Mohammadi Alamholi, 24 , Isakandi – Maku Chaldiran Direct shooting by Iranian armed forces 12.09.2020
Salah Isazadeh, Unknown, SheikhOsman- Shino Shino, Direct shooting by Iranian armed forces 13.09.2020

Detained Kolbars and merchants:

Name -City-Age -Place of incident-Cause – Date
Khedr Sardasht, Unknown, Sardasht Direct shooting by Iranian armed forces 29.08.2020
Nariman Sobhani, Sawlava, Unknown Nowsud Direct shooting by Iranian armed forces 29.08.2020
Sodin Kalashi Gioran, Khoy 35 Direct shooting by Iranian armed forces 30.08.2020
Hamid Hosseini, Shaho -Rawansar 27 Direct shooting by Iranian armed forces 01.09.2020
Ali Bagheri, 57 Marivan , 02.09.2020
Mohammad N. Salas-e Babajani, Unknown Nowsud Direct shooting by Iranian armed forces 03.09.2020
Seyyed Ezzat, Taheri ,Piranshahr,25 Qalarash Direct shooting by Iranian armed forces 07.09.2020
Mani Hashemi Shamshir – Paveh, 14 Nowsud 06.09.2020
Jafar Rahbari Maku, Unknown Chaldiran Direct shooting by Turkish armed forces 12.09.2020
Fateh Mahmoudi, Qolqale – Salas-e Babajani 34 Nowsud, 12.09.2020
Nader Salehi, Maku, Unknown Maku Direct shooting by Iranian armed forces 15.09.2020
Barzan Baneh Unknown Hangejale Direct shooting by Iranian armed forces 13.09.2020
Hedayat Salas-e Babajani Unknown Salas-e Babajani Direct shooting by Iranian armed forces 21.09.2020
Namdar Salas-e Babajani Unknown Salas-e Babajani Direct shooting by Iranian armed forces 21.09.2020

Unknown Salas-e Babajani Unknown Salas-e Babajani , Direct shooting by Iranian armed forces 21.09.2020
Unknown Salas-e Babajani Unknown Salas-e Babajani Direct shooting by Iranian armed forces 21.09.2020
Kaveh Abdi Razab 28 Sawlava 20.09.2020
Keyvan Qaderpour Malta – Baneh Unknown Baneh heights Direct shooting by Iranian armed forces

Incidents due to Workplace Safety issues

In September 2020 at least eight individuals had incidents during work due to Workplace Safety issues

Name City Date Occupation Cause of incident Place of incident Status
Sharif Naserabadi Belbelanabad 04.09.2020 Wall demolition Sofava – Dehgolan Dead
Akbar Unknown Unknown 04.09.2020 Wall demolition Sofava – Dehgolan Unknown
Unknown-male Resident of Zanjire-Sro Chardawil– Ilam 04.09.2020 Gas explosion Ilam Unknown
Ghafur Amini Sawlava 05.09.2020 While working with threshing machine Sawlava Dead
Ghader Bahraminan Sawlava 05.09.2020 While working with threshing machine Sawlava Dead
Khaled Sheikhi Saqqez 10.09.2020 Incident in water canal Dead
Unknown-male Salas-e Babajani 17.09.2020 While unloading cargo Salas-e Babajani Unknown
Unknown-male Salas-e Babajani 17.09.2020 While unloading cargo Salas-e Babaja

Suicide and self-immolation:
In September 2020 at least seven individuals (three female and four male) committed suicide and self-immolation.

Name Gender Age Place Reason Date
Fatemeh Hawasi Female 16 Qala-Shain – Sarpol-e Zahab Family issues 31.08.2020
Maryam Atmanibahar Seifi Female Unknown Urmia Family issues 19.09.2020
Bahar Seifi Female 16 Hassanava – Senneh (Sanandaj) Family issues – regarding divorse 20.09.2020
Anwar Mohammadrezaii Male Unknown Senneh (Sanandaj) Unemployment and poverty 27.08.2020
Wahid Ehsani Male Unknown Divandarreh 02.09.2020
Rasul Ahmadi Male Unknown Boukan Death of his son 07.09.2020
Aref Torkan Male Unknown Hamadan Unemployment and poverty 23.09.2020
Wounded Civilians from shootings of Iranian armed forces

In September 2020 at least six individuals had severely wounded due to shootings of Iranian armed forces from which four wounded from RPG shootings.

Wounded Civilians from shootings of Iranian armed forces

In September 2020 at least six individuals had severely wounded due to shootings of Iranian armed forces from which four wounded from RPG shootings.

Name Family name City Cause Date Estate during the incident
Hassan Khedrpour Lolkan – Shino Direct shooting 17.09.2020 Shepherding
Khedr Bayazidi Mahabad RPG shooting 20.09.2020 Inside car
Unknown Mahabad RPG shooting 20.09.2020 Inside car
Unknown Mahabad RPG shooting 20.09.2020 Inside car
Unknown Mahabad RPG shooting 20.09.2020 Inside car
Arab Mohammad Lolkan – Shino Direct shooting 17.09.2020 Shepherding
KMMK encourages Kurdish people in eastern Kurdistan to practice their basic human rights and to report to international institutions and to the world, the discriminations and violations of human rights by Iranian regime.
Kurdistan human rights Association